Bataan – History
Hub of Central Luzon
Bataan is one of
the most historical provinces in the Philippines. Every
town and city in the province has its own story to tell
about World War II. Filipino, American, and Japanese
blood were shed on almost every part of Bataan during
the war. Bataan’s fall to the Japanese Imperial
Army signified the beginning of a new era in Philippine
1. Population - 662,153
(as of 2007 Census)
2. Land Area - 1,373 sq. km
3. Capital - Balanga City
4.Language/Dialect - Tagalog, Pampango, Ilocano, English,
Famous For ...
II Battleground and Markers
Bataan was the site of the most grueling battle in Philippine
History – World War II. As such, the province
is filled with numerous markers, memorial sites, and
shrines in honor of the fallen Filipino, American, and
Japanese soldiers who fought during the war.
This controversial structure was supposed to supply
power for Metro Manila and nearby provinces but because
of safety concerns and lobbying of environment oriented
groups, the power plant was never used until now.
Places Of Interest
Location: Mabatang Plaza, Brgy. Ibayo, Abucay, Bataan
The monument honors Tomas Pinpin, dubbed as the First
Filipino Printer. It was in Abucay Church where he printed
the earliest books in the country in 1610.
Location: Morong, Bataan
This 365 hectare of land is found along the rolling
hills of the Morong Special Economic Zone. The park
was formerly the site of the Philippine Regugee Processing
Center (PRPC) which existed from 1980 to 1994, and was
a second-asylum camp for Indochinese refugees.
Kagitingan (Shrine of Valor)
Location: Mt. Samat, Brgy. Diwa, Pilar, Bataan
It was completed and inaugurated in 1970, consisting
of a Colonnade and the huge Memorial Cross. The two
structures were built in honor of the heroic struggle
and sacrifices of the Filipinos who fought and died
during World War II.
Location: Balanga Elementary School, Balanga City, Bataan
On April 9, 1942, Major General Edward King and his
party signed the documents for the surrender of the
United States Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE) forces
in the Philippines to the Japanese forces led by Lt.
General Masaharu Homma.
- Japanese Friendship Tower
Location: Bagac, Bataan
The monument was built by Rissho Kosei Kai Group in
1975as a symbol of reconciliation, peace, and friendship
between the two nations.
Location: Bacag, Bataan and Mariveles, Bataan
This is where 75,000 American and Filipino prisoners
of war started to march 80-mile (97 km) for three months
towards Camp O’ Donell in Capas, Tarlac. The death
march began on April 10 from Mariveles and on April
11 from Bagac. Most of these soldiers died in hunger,
fatigue, or from the unspeakable actions of the Japanese
of Defense Marker
Location: Rotonda, Layac, Dinalupihan, Bataan
It marks the first strong line of defense of combined
Philippines USAFFE Troops against Japanese invasion
during WW II.
Location: Capitol Compound, Balanga City
This marker is dedicated to the memory of the gallant
Filipino and American soldiers as well as civilians
who died in defense of democracy.
Location: Brgy. Panilao, Pilar, Bataan
The sword symbolizes the display of Filipino courage
and gallantry during the war.
Location: Brgy. Diwa, Pilar, Bataan
After months of battle, 6th of April, the Japanese had
overwhelmed all resistance offered by the 23rd and 22d
Infantry Regiments resulting to the Surrender of Bataan.
Catholic Church Belfry
Location: Balanga, Bataan
The church was used as the site for the Japanese artillery
bombardment of Mt. Samat where Filipino and American
forces took their last stand in Bataan.
Location: Sibul Spring, Brgy. Gabon, Abucay, Bataan
Built in September 1970, the monument was erected for
the repose of the souls of the soldiers who died at
Brgy. Gabon in Abucay.
Location: Brgy. Nagbalayong, Morong, Bataan
Headed by Bantay Pawikan, Inc. the conservation center
is concentrating its efforts on the protection of nesting
turtles, collection and hatching of eggs and releasing
of hatchlings to the sea.
Location: Napot Point, Morong, Bataan
The structure was the only attempt of the Philippines
to establish a nuclear power plant to combat the 1973
oil crisis. It was built during the Marcos regime but
was never used until now due to the defects found, such
as it was built near a major earthquake fault line.
Location: Limay, Bataan
This enchanting falls is found in the heart of a forested
hill behind the famous Mt. Samat in Pilar. Tourists
come here for picnic and swimming.
Location: Abucay, Bataan
Fresh vegetation abound this falls found in the valley
of Mt. Natib. Picnic is recommended in this area.
Location: Brgy. Roosevelt, Dinalupihan, Bataan
This forest reservation ideal for picnics and camping
activities. The cool water of the pool offers a fun
place for visitors bent on having a dip. For the more
adventurous, visitors can go jungle trekking.
Location: Balanga City, Bataan
A dormant volcano rising to 1253 meters that provides
a commanding view of the surrounding towns. It offers
mountain climbers and nature lovers not only the pleasant
cool mountain air but also a lush growth including exotic
plant species and rare wildlife.
Senora Virgen Del Rosario
Location: Orani, Bataan
This Diocesan Marian Shrine is a recognized pilgrimage
church by the Vatican. Plenary indulgences are usually
granted every first Saturday and on October 7.
Place: all over Bataan Province
Date: April 9
During this province-wide event, war veterans and their
families travel from all over the country to Mount Samat
to commemorate the bravery of the soldiers who offered
their lives for freedom during World War II. Activities
such as photo contest, exhibits, quiz bees, beauty pageants,
trade fairs, and drum and bugle competition or exhibition,
are also held during Bataan Day.